A powerful multielement analytical technique using laser ablation Inductively coupled plasma source mass spectrometry (LA-ICP-MS) for the sensitive determination of trace impurities in thin glass filaments, used as reinforcing material in the construction industry, was developed. The trace analysis was carried out directly on very thin solid strands (without any sample preparation steps) by LA-ICP-MS whereby a bundle of thin glass fibers (with a filament diameter of about 10 - 20 mum) was fixed on a thin, special tape of a target holder. The fibers were ablated in the ablation chamber with the aid of a commercial laser ablation system using a Nd-YAG laser at a wavelength of 266 nm). In order to verify the trace analytical data, the ablated T-glass fibers were analyzed using a quadrupole (LA-ICP-QMS) and double-focusing sector field mass spectrometer (LA-ICP-SFMS). The detection limits of the trace elements in glass fibers using the LA-ICP-MS with a quadrupole analyzer were in the sub mug g(-1) range, whereas using a sector,field mass spectrometer (LA-ICP-SFMS) the detection limits could be Improved by 3-4 orders of magnitude down to the low and sub ng g(-1) range. The multielement trace analytical method, developed for high-purity glass fibers, was applied to the determination of chemical composition on thin alkati-resistant glass and basalt fibers with finishing additives used in fine concrete for the building industry. The analytical results were quantified using standard reference materials (SRMs) of glass matrix, such as the NIST 612 glass SRM and the basalt geological reference glasses, KL-2G and ML3B-G, for the trace analysis of basalt glass fibers. The experimentally determined relative sensitivity coefficients (RSC) in LA-ICP-MS for both SRMs varied between 0.2 and 3 for most of the elements. An increase of the relative sensitivity coefficients was observed with increasing mass. The relative standard deviation (RSD) of most elements (N = 3) was T between 2 and 10%. The results of the trace element concentrations by LA-ICP-MS using different instrumentation are in good agreement.